of Some Key Ingredients
Note: No harmful preservatives
are used. For a complete list of ingredients,
please refer to ingredients listed with each individual product
amino acid is best described as a semi-essential amino acid. Arginine is a precursor to proline, which is converted to hydroxyproline,
then to collagen. It has a positive influence on the body's levels of insulinlike growth factor (IGF-I), is a prucursur to
pulyamincs, the cell's building blocks, is the only substrate for nitric oxide synthesis. Nitric oxide has a beneficial effect
on circulatory status and increases blood supply. All of which are necessary for healing and repair to the skin. Arginine
contains immune-enhancing properties that can slow down the growth of all kinds of tumors and many types of cancer.
Carnosine is a dipeptide of the amino acids beta-alanine and histidine.
Carnosine can increase the Hayflick limit in human fibroblasts, as well as appearing to reduce the telomere shortening rate.
Recently, scientists at Harvard Medical School have managed to reverse some of the effects of ageing in mice. The key to this
is telomeres and their length. Telomeres are the regions of repetitive DNA at the end of a chromosome. Essentially it protects
the end of the chromosome from deterioration. In the course of an average lifespan, as cells divide and replicate, these telomere
become worn and degenerate. As this occurs and the telomeres shorten, obvious signs of their degeneration become apparent
in humans, forming the classic symptoms of old age,e.g., greying hair, wrinkles, joint pain, organ failure.
Since Carnosine can reduce the telomere shortening rate, we added it to our PM product. Researchers in Britain,
South Korea, Russia and other countries have shown that carnosine has a number of antioxidant properties that may be beneficial
as well. Because of its antioxidant, antiglycator and metal chelator properties, carnosine supplements have been proposed
as a general anti-aging therapy. Carnosine has great potential in topical preparations to reduce wrinkles on the skin.
Niacinamide is one of the two principal forms of vitamin B3 (nicotinic
acid is the other). The levels of NADH / NADPH decrease with age, and topical niacinamide appears to reverse the decline.
Niacinamide also appears to have some Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Furthermore, niacinamide is stable, safe
and well tolerated in topical formulations even at relatively high concentrations. All of the above suggests that niacinamide,
theoretically, may be useful in skin rejuvenation and some skin conditions. Research supporting practical uses of topical
niacinamide is already available:
In a randomized controlled
study, 4% niacinamide gel has been compared to 1% clindamycin gel (a topical antibiotic) in 76 patients with moderate acne.
After 8 weeks, 82% of patients treated with niacinamide and 68% of those treated with clindamycin were considered improved.
There were no side effects in either group. The research suggested that anti-inflammatory activity of niacinamide may have
contributed to its effect on acne. The main downside of antibiotics is the emergence of resistant microorganisms. If further
research confirms that niacinamide is at least as effective as topical antibiotics, it may become a treatment of choice for
many acne sufferers because it does not gives rise to microbial resistance.
Rosacea is a condition associated with excessive skin redness, irritability, sensitivity and inflammation. In
one study, niacinamide was shown to improve skin barrier function in rosacea patients, leading to diminished reaction to irritants,
such as detergents. In another study, treatment with 1-methylnicotinamide (metabolite of niacinamide with known anti-inflammatory
effects) resulted in improvement in 26 out of 34 treated subjects. Further research is clearly indicated.
Unfortunately, the research of the niacinamide's potential for skin rejuvenation
is in relatively early stages. However, the few existing studies produced promising results. One study showed niacinamide
to increase the skin's production of ceramides (natural emollients and skin protectants), thus improving skin hydration. Another
study demonstrated mitigating effects of niacinamide on some of the deleterious effects of UV light. Of particular interest,
is a well designed (double-blind, placebo-controlled, split-face, left-right randomized) 12-week study in 50 women of the
effects of 5% topical niacinamide on various signs of skin aging. The researchers reported significant improvement in fine
lines/ wrinkles, hyper pigmentation spots, texture and red blotchiness.
Niacin: Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin, which is also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3. Nicotinamide
is the derivative of niacin and used by the body to form the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide
adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP).
Function: Living organisms derive
most of their energy from oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions, which are processes involving the transfer of electrons.
As many as 200 enzymes require the niacin coenzymes, NAD and NADP, mainly to accept or donate electrons for redox reactions.
NAD functions most often in energy producing reactions involving the degradation (catabolism) of carbohydrates, fats, proteins,
and alcohol. NADP functions more often in biosynthetic (anabolic) reactions, such as in the synthesis of all macromolecules,
including fatty acids cholesterol.
The niacin coenzyme,
NAD, is the substrate (reactant) for two classes of enzymes (mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases and poly-ADP-ribose polymerase)
that separate the niacin moiety from NAD and transfer ADP-ribose to proteins. Mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase enzymes were first
discovered in certain bacteria, where they were found to produce toxins, such as cholera and diphtheria. These enzymes and
their products, ADP-ribosylated proteins, have also been found in the cells of mammals and are thought to play a role in cell
signaling by affecting G-protein activity. G-proteins are proteins that bind guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP) and act as intermediaries
in a number of cell-signaling pathways. Poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs) are enzymes that catalyze the transfer of many
ADP-ribose units from NAD to acceptor proteins.
PARPs appear to function in DNA repair and stress responses, cell
signaling, transcription, regulation or apoptosis, chromatin structure, and cell differentiation, suggesting a possible role
for NAD in cancer prevention. At least five different PARPs have been identified, and although their functions are not yet
well understood, their existence indicates a potential for considerable consumption of NAD. A third class of enzymes (ADP-ribosyl
cyclase) catalyzes the formation of cyclic ADP-ribose, a molecule that works within cells to provoke the release of calcium
ions from internal storage sites and probably also plays a role in cell signaling.
The late stage of severe niacin deficiency is known as pellagra. Early records of pellagra
followed the widespread cultivation of corn in Europe in the 1700's. The disease was generally associated with poorer social
classes whose chief dietary staple consisted of cereals like corn or sorghum. Pellagra was also common in the southern United
States during the early 1900's where income was low and corn products were a major dietary staple. Interestingly, pellagra
was not known in Mexico, where corn was also an important dietary staple and much of the population was also poor. In fact,
corn contains appreciable amounts of niacin, but it is present in a bound form that is not nutritionally available to humans.
The traditional preparation of corn tortillas in Mexico involves soaking the corn in a lime (calcium oxide) solution, prior
to cooking. Heating the corn in an alkaline solution results in the release of bound niacin, increasing its bioavailability.
The most common symptoms of niacin deficiency involve the skin, digestive system,
and the nervous system. The symptoms of pellagra were commonly referred to as the four D's: dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia,
and death. In the skin, a thick, scaly, darkly pigmented rash develops symmetrically in areas exposed to sunlight. In fact,
the word "pellagra" comes from the Italian phrase for rough or raw skin. Symptoms related to the digestive system
include a bright red tongue, vomiting, and diarrhea. Neurological symptoms include headache, apathy, fatigue, depression,
disorientation, and memory loss. If untreated, pellagra is ultimately fatal.
Studies of cultured cells (in vitro) provide evidence that NAD content
influences the cellular response to DNA damage, an important risk factor in cancer development. Cellular NAD plays a role
in DNA repair, and cyclic ADP-ribose may also mediate cell-signaling pathways important in cancer prevention. Additionally,
cellular depletion of NAD has been found to decrease levels of the tumor suppressor protein, p53, in human breast, skin, and
lung cells. One study reported that niacin supplementation decreased the risk of ultraviolet light-induced skin cancers in
Coenzyme Q10 (Co Q10) is a relative newcomer to the skin
care industry. Yet, its value for general health and nutrition is rather well known and well researched. CoQ10 has at least
two important roles in the body. First, it is one of the essential cogs in the biochemical machinery that produces biological
energy (ATP) inside the cells. Second, CoQ10 is an antioxidant. It helps neutralize harmful free radicals, which are one of
the causes of aging. Under perfect conditions, the body can produce as much CoQ10 as it needs. However, various factors, such
as aging, stress and some medications, can lower the levels of CoQ10 in the body. As a result, the ability of cells to withstand
stress and regenerate declines. Unfortunately, the levels of CoQ10 in the body almost inevitably decline with age. In fact,
CoQ10 is regarded as one of the most accurate biomarkers of aging since its decline correlates so well with the aging process.
In some studies, rodents treated with supplemental CoQ10 lived up to 30 percent longer than their untreated counterparts.
The effects of CoQ10 supplements on human longevity remain unknown. On the other hand, it was proven useful in treating certain
human diseases, including heart failure and hypertension.
Theoretically speaking, CoQ10 (in a skin cream,
for example) can be helpful. In most people over thirty, levels of CoQ10 in the skin are below optimum, resulting in lesser
ability to produce collagen, elastin and other important skin molecules. Besides, CoQ10-depleted skin may be more prone to
the damage by free radicals, which are particularly abundant in the skin since it is exposed to the elements and chemical
assaults. Thus, CoQ10 may boost skin repair and regeneration and reduce free radical damage. Furthermore, CoQ10 is a small
molecule that can relatively easily penetrate into skin cells.
Based on this rationale as well
as the drive to put new products on the marker, some companies introduced skin care products with CoQ10. It is unclear whether
these products are effective. Firstly, theoretical effectiveness does not always result into practical benefits. Second, very
few real studies indicating possible practical skin benefits of CoQ10 have been conducted so far. Arguably, the most encouraging
was a 1999 study by German researchers who reported that long-term use of CoQ10 reduced crows feet (wrinkles around the eye).
CoQ10 has been used in thousands of studies on cellular aging. Because our formulas use live CoQ10 and it is drawn to the
dermal level, the anti-aging and collagen production and decrease in free radicals, is seen on the deepest cellular level
one can obtain through the skin.
be best known by its reputation as an oral cognitive supplement, but it also has a great effect on skin. Topical creams that
include DMAE aid in tightening the muscles that keep your skin looking healthy to diminish the appearance wrinkles, lines,
and sagging. DMAE performs two different roles in the body. It both produces the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the brain
and acts as an antioxidant cell membrane stabilizer. DMAE’s antioxidant action comes from this ability to strengthen
the cell membrane. DMAE can do this because its structure allows it to insert itself between components of the cell plasma
membrane and help protect the cell from free radical attack. When DMAE functions as an antioxidant and helps keep the cell
membrane intact, this reduces stress to the cell and inhibits production of arachidonic acid and other chemicals responsible
for pain and inflammation.
Algae factor) is a unique concentration of natural active ingredients, extracted from the essence of Micro Algae. It is an
effective hydrating agent and can help in strengthening the mechanisms of skin defense. It has deep moisturizing action while
strengthening the defense qualities of the skin barrier, thus giving extraordinary softness and brightness.
In addition, Hma is rich in Vitamin B1, B2, B12 and niacin, which can increase the skin's energy and protect the
skin to stay away from all kinds of pressure. With its absolute compatibility with the skin, it doesn't irritate, and provides
moisture for all types of skin in all climates.
ALPHA LIPOIC ACID:
Lipoic acid is a well-known natural substance found in certain foods and also produced in the human body.
It has an impressive array of potentially beneficial mechanisms of action:
(1) It is a potent and versatile antioxidant.
(2) It is a co-factor in a key biochemical pathway responsible
for energy production in the cells (citric acid cycle).
(3) It inhibits cross-linking which is the formation of
chemical bridges between proteins or other large molecules.
Cross-linking contributed to
the aging process by causing hardening of arteries, wrinkling of the skin and stiffening of joints.
(4) It has moderate
(5) It has a capacity, albeit a modest one, to neutralize and remove from the body a variety
of toxic metals.
How does topical lipoic acid fare in clinical studies
department? Well, at this point it holds a junior position. In one small-scale study, high potency lipoic acid reduced mild-to-moderate
wrinkles by up to 50 percent, whereas fine lines have almost disappeared. In another study, lipoic acid significantly improved
the appearance of certain types of scars.
If further studies corroborate skin benefits of lipoic acid, it may
become one of the mainstays of today's anti-aging skin care. In fact, lipoic acid will be especially welcome in the family
of proven wrinkle fighters because it is less irritating than tretinoin (Retin A, Renova) and hydroxy acids. (Therefore it
can be used, albeit in lower concentrations, in delicate and wrinkle prone area around the eyes.) Dr. Nicholas Perricone,
a Yale dermatologist, has published several research studies that suggest topical application of alpha lipoic acid is effective
in reducing the appearance of wrinkles, and he has created his own skincare line with products that contain high concentrations
of alpha lipoic acid.
RETINOL (VITAMIN A):
and retinyl palmitate are among the most widely used active ingredients in skin care Both retinol and retinyl palmitate
are forms of vitamin A (along with yet another form retinaldehyde). As opposed to many other vitamins, vitamin A does not
have much of a direct biological effect. It works via its active metabolite (biochemical derivative) called retinoic acid.
Only retinoic acid and its analogs collectively called retinoids have direct effect on skin cells and can adjust their physiology
toward a more youthful state. In fact, retinoic acid a.k.a. tretinoin is the active ingredient in Retin A and Renova - some
of the best-known anti-wrinkle creams.
Retinol when applied to the skin is thought to work both by stimulating
new collagen formation as well as preventing the breakdown of existing collagen. It appears to have a stimulatory effect on
the fibroblasts that produce collagen as well as an inhibitory effect on enzymes that break down the collagen support structure.
What makes retinol unique is that its molecular structure is small enough to allow it to penetrate the skin, which is a limiting
factor for some skin care ingredients. If a substance can’t penetrate the epidermis and gain access to the dermis, it’s
not going to have any real effect on skin aging. There are a handful of chemical products on the market that use enhanced
delivery methods that can do this and are very dangerous to the long term health of the user internally and the cellular structure
of the skin.
Thus, one major benefit of natural live retinol that distinguishes it from other skin care ingredients
is its ability to reach the areas of the skin where it can actually have an effect on collagen production and breakdown.
GREEN TEA EGCG:
There have been a number of encouraging studies of
skin benefits of green tea. Animal studies showed protection from skin cancer. Both animal and human studies have credibly
demonstrated that topical green tea formulations reduce the effects of UVA- and UVB-induced sun damage.
tea appears to exert sun damage protection by quenching free radicals and reducing inflammation rather than by blocking UV
rays. Therefore, green tea may synergistically enhance sun protection when used in addition to a sunscreen. EGCG in particular,
a prime component of green tea, provides broad-spectrum protection against UV light-induced DNA damage and immune system dysfunction
of the skin.
Topical green tea extract is exceptional in preventing the inflammation and oxidative stress associated
with UV light-induced skin damage. As a result, scientists believe green tea may help prevent skin cancers that commonly result
from exposure to the sun's radiation. Numerous studies have shown that topical application of green tea confers broad-spectrum
protection against photo damage, one of the leading causes of visibly aged skin. Polyphenols from green tea leaves have been
found protect against the adverse effects of overexposure to ultraviolet light.
tea appears to exert sun damage protection by quenching free radicals and reducing inflammation rather than by blocking UV
rays. Therefore, green tea may synergistically enhance sun protection when used in addition to a sunscreen.
Ten carotenes, colored molecules synthesized only in
plants, show vitamin A activity. In other words, they function like vitamin A. However, only the alpha- and Beta-Carotenes
and cryptoxanthin are important to man, and Beta-Carotene is the most active. Beta-Carotene and other carotenoids that can
be converted by the body into retinol are referred to as provitamin A carotenoids. Hundreds of different carotenoids are synthesized
by plants, but only about 10 % of them are provitamin A carotenoids.
also helps prevent night blindness and other eye problems, skin disorders, enhance immunity, protects against toxins and cancer
formations, colds, flu, and infections. It is an antioxidant and protector of the cells while slowing the aging process.
Hyaluronic Acid occurs naturally in the deeper layers
of our skin (the dermis). It helps to keep skin smooth and "plump" through its ability to hold up to 1,000 times
its weight in water. Hyluronic acid also plays a critical role in the rapid repair of wounds and other skin conditions.
In Yuzuri Hara, a village in Japan, ten percent of the population is 85 or older.
Diseases of aging, such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's, are virtually unknown. People rarely see a doctor and their skin
rarely shows signs of aging. They live long, healthy active lives. As reported on the ABC News program 20/20, researchers
have discovered the ‘magical’ ingredient that appears to keep people in Yuzuri Hara young. It is hyaluronic acid,
which is found naturally in the carbohydrate foods that are unique to the hilly terrain of this village.
Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant seen in many
plants like red grapes and peanuts. The antioxidant benefits of Resveratrol help to slacken the process of aging by scavenging
the damage causing free radicals from the body. The free radicals would damage the cells and tissues of the body resulting
in wrinkles and cell fatigue. Free radicals are highly reactive unpaired electrons that weaken the other molecules of the
body to set off more such free radicals leaving the body aged and weak. Recent studies have proved that resveratrol
skin ensures protection from the harmful UV radiations making the skin radiant and healthy.
a key role in anti-aging skin care because it thwarts the free radical damage, making the skin smooth and soft It also enhances
circulation by improving the cardio muscular health, which in turn also results in smooth and wrinkle free skin. Facial creams
containing Resveratrol have been shown to reverse the process of aging by making the sin smooth and wrinkle free. Being a
natural product, it is free from any side effects or allergies. Resveratrol also enhances the capillary circulation in the
tissues making it smooth and healthy.
YEAST BETA GLUCAN:
Preliminary research indicates that a biopolymer from oat called beta-glucan may be capable of both penetrating deep
into the skin and delivering significant skin benefits. Beta-glucan is a linear polymer consisting of glucose molecules linked
together in a particular fashion.
It has a long history of safe use in skin care
and dermatology as a long-lasting, film-forming moisturizer. It has also been shown to work as anti-irritant and to
speed up healing of shallow abrasions and partial thickness burns. Beta-glucan appears to enhance wound healing through several
mechanisms including the stimulation of collagen deposition, activation of immune cells and so forth. Beta-glucans are found
in various natural sources, such as cereals and yeast; oat beta-glucan being the most active.
While the utility of beta-glucan in moisturizing and healing minor wounds and burns has been fairly well established,
the evidence of its anti-wrinkle effects on the intact skin has emerged only recently. In a 2005 study published in the magazine
of International Federation of Societies of Cosmetic Chemists, Dr Pillai and colleagues investigated skin penetration and
anti-aging effects of topical oat beta-glucan. In a penetration experiment on isolated skin sections, the researchers found
that beta-glucan penetrated the epidermis and reached the dermis by passing in the gaps between cells. After 8 hours of treatment
with 0.5% beta-glucan solution, 28% of the applied beta-glucan entered the skin and as much as 4% reached the dermis (i.e.
the layer where wrinkles form). Dr Pillai and colleagues also treated 27 subjects with 0.1 % topical beta-glucan or placebo
twice daily for eight weeks, assigned randomly, using a half-face design. By the end of the study, beta-glucan treated areas
fared significantly better than placebo, with wrinkles and roughness diminishing by about 10-15%. Skin firmness (tensile strength)
Gotu Kola (Centella
asiatica [Latin]), also known as centella and Indian pennywort, is a creeping vine found growing tropical and subtropical
climates in Africa, Asia, Australia, India and South America, and even the southeastern United States. It has been used for
thousands of years in ayurvedic medicine to improve memory and maintain a healthy central nervous system, and recent clinical
studies support this tradition. Indian ayurvedic tradition also recommends gotu kola to treat a wide range of skin diseases,
from mild inflammation to leprosy. Surprisingly, modern research supports the use of gotu kola as a treatment for leprosy.
This herb not only acts as an anti-inflammatory, but also helps strengthen the veins and capillaries that supply blood to
new tissue at the injury site, two qualities that make this an excellent treatment for skin ulcerations. In addition, gotu
kola contains an active ingredient called asiaticoside, which helps dissolve the protective coating around leprosy bacteria
so that the system can destroy them.
Topical preparations containing gotu kola
regulate collagen production and inhibit excessive scar formation. Studies have reported that gotu kola speeds wound healing
and the body’s assimilation of skin grafts. Topical preparations containing gotu kola regulate collagen production and
inhibit excessive scar formation. Studies have reported that gotu kola speeds wound healing and the body’s assimilation
of skin grafts. Studies suggest that gotu kola may be an effective treatment for other skin disorders as well.
In one study, participants suffering from scleroderma (a condition that causes tissues to harden) reported
that taking 20 milligrams of gotu kola extract three times a week made their joints and skin more flexible. Gotu kola has
also demonstrated an ability to improve the appearance of cellulite by increasing the body’s production of glycosaminoglycans,
compounds needed to form the connective tissues that hold fat in place.
preparations containing gotu kola regulate collagen production and inhibit excessive scar formation. Studies have reported
that gotu kola speeds wound healing and the body’s assimilation of skin grafts. Gotu kola is included in a handful high-end
commercial topical creams used to promote wound healing, collagen production, or to reduce the appearance of cellulite.
Panthenol is an ingredient often used in cosmetics
and topical medications. It is converted to vitamin B5 in the body and sometimes called "provitamin B5." Although
any chemical can be dangerous at sufficiently high exposure levels, panthenol is "safe as presently used in cosmetics,"
as concluded by a study in the "International Journal of Toxicology."
Panthenol is the alcohol form
of vitamin B5 and is soluble in water. It is hygroscopic, meaning that it absorbs moisture from the air. This is part of the
reason it works well as a moisturizer. Panthenol is converted to vitamin B5 in the body when ingested or absorbed through
the skin. Typically, panthenol-containing products soothe skin irritation rather than causes it. In fact, it is used in acne
treatments and smoking-cessation products to counteract the irritation that can be caused from their active ingredients.
GOJI FRUIT EXTRACT:
Also known as Lycium barbarum fruit, goji
berries have been grown in China, Tibet and Mongolia for ages. The oblong-shaped berries are bright red and contain 20-40
tiny seeds, and can be eaten raw, or made into a juice or wine, brewed for tea, or prepared as a tincture. But it’s
the extracted phytochemicals used in nutritional supplements that provide the most potent health benefits Goji berry has been
used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years as a health tonic to promote overall health and healthy
eyesight, strengthen the immune system, protect the liver, improve circulation and sperm production, and to enhance sexual
It has also been used as a remedy for diabetes, anemia, tinnitus, and lung diseases. In TCM terms,
goji berries are sweet in taste and neutral in nature, they act on the liver, lung, and kidney channels and enhance “chi”
or life force. Goji berry continues to be a revered and popular health tonic in China. In fact, in 1983 the Ministry of the
Public Health of China approved goji berry to be marketed as a botanical medicine. It is believed to boost your immune system,
circulatory system, proves great for liver and kidney protection, improves your vision, and works wonder for your skin.
Gojies are surely very rich in vitamins and minerals but what is more it is also the best in Oxygen Radical
Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) scale. It is used to measure the antioxidant levels in any food. And studies have revealed that
they contain 25000 units per 100 milligrams which is about five times more than the fruit (prunes) that comes second on the
scale and about 15 times more than the vegetable that comes second on the list. It is true that Goji berries have just found
application in topical uses, yet you can find it being used in a wide range of skin care products right form creams and lotions
to every other product. And that is why most of the new natural skin care product has Gojies as its ingredient.
As we grow older we no longer have the same skin
complexion we once had. While the quality of your skin is based on genetics, you can improve your skin by taking good care
of it. Studies show that acai berry supplements have been linkedto more beautiful, healthy, and youthful skin. This is primarily
due to its high antioxidant content. Regardless of whether it is used as a topical cream or as an oral pill, acai berry supplements
can nourish the skin and improve skin tone. We often cover our face with creams made from multiple chemicals, not all of which
are beneficial to the body. Acai berry is a natural product and improves the body's ability to heal itself by removing harmful
free radicals in the body. In addition to antioxidants, acai supplements contain phytonutrients and vitamins for proper skin
regeneration. Acai supplements are
available in multiple forms depending your preference for capsules, drinks or topical
Acai supplements are heralded as anti-aging drugs because of the high concentration of natural skin enriching
compounds. Acai extract contains phytoserols, which are known to protect collagen and increase the skin's moisture. Collagen
is necessary to provide structural support to the skin and acai supplements can help in the formation of new collagen. They
also contain flavonoids to fight inflammation and preserve the skin.
If you’re interested in "anti-aging secrets" you will want to learn about mangosteen. No
other tropical fruit has been found to contain as high concentrated doses of antioxidant vitamins, known as xanthones, with
the power to nourish, transform your skin, and reverse the signs of aging. Mangosteen Fruits (Garcinia mangostana) is found
primarily in Southeast Asia, parts of South America and the Philippines. Although the fruit can be eaten fresh or dried, it
is its juice that has grown in popularity. The exotic fruit juice can be used topically on your face and dried juice powder
can be used to mix in an anti aging cream.
Aside from the well known health benefits of this fruit, an enormous
amount of modern study and research has been channeled toward unlocking the anti aging skin care secrets of this remarkable
fruit. Xanthones are found in abundance throughout the entire fruit, but with the greatest amount being found in the pericarp
or inner rind of the fruit. Xanthones are 100 times more powerful antioxidants than vitamin A, C & E. The antioxidant
properties of xanthones are now available in anti aging skin care. Xanthones, have properties, which help to heal cells damaged
by free radicals, slow aging, and ward off degenerative diseases. It is the latest miracle fruit, having great anti-oxidizing
benefits which in turn help to control the aging process. This Asian fruit, packed with naturally occurring xanthone, can
(1) Stimulate collagen protein production to strengthen the
(2) Combat the effects of Free Radicals and Inflammation.
(3) Anti aging – Pure mangosteen
pericarp oil can give topical skin nutrition
to sooth, energize, and protect skin.
Bring balance and helps in signs of inflammation in problem skin.
EXTRACT: [Article by Howard Murad, MD1]
Pomegranate juice and cocktails are all the rage these days,
but did you know pomegranate extract isn't just good for your health. It also is good for the skin. Since my early days as
a dermatologist, I've studied the ability of various antioxidants to protect the skin. However, the most potent antioxidant
power I've found is in the pomegranate: in the form of ellagic acid. A powerful free radical scavenger, ellagic acid is extremely
effective in increasing the body's built-in antioxidant, glutathione, which helps protect DNA from free radical damage.
Glutathione also is essential in helping the body recycle hormones, such as estrogen, which also protects skin cells.
I first began studying the effects of pomegranate extract in the early 1990s. Intrigued by the powerful benefits of pomegranate
extract, I theorized that it could play a significant role in protecting the skin from all types of environmental damage,
specifically ultraviolet rays.
Natural UV Protection. To prove this theory, I initiated
an independent pilot study to determine the effect of pomegranate extract in improving the sun protection factor of sunscreens.
In 1999, I asked an independent laboratory to test the effect of pomegranate extract on the sun protection factor of volunteers.
Thirty-two subjects (male and female, ages 18 to 60, with fair to medium skin types) used pomegranate extract orally and topically.
Adding pomegranate extract to skin care products boosted the SPF of the sunscreen formula by 20 percent. Over and above that,
ingesting a 15 mg tablet of standardized
pomegranate extract provided an additional 25 percent
improvement in the SPF.
Research Findings: In 2000, the Journal of Agricultural
Food Chemistry covered research by a team from South Dakota University. These researchers reported that when applied topically
on mice, pomegranate oil inhibited papilloma incidence and activity.
In the fall of 2003, researchers at the University
of Wisconsin evaluated pomegranate's anti-skin tumor effects by comparing the topical application of pomegranate extract on
neonatal mice against TPA-induced markers, a strong promoter of chemically induced skin cancer. Applying extract onto the
skin of neonatal mice 30 minutes before the TPA application significantly inhibited TPA-mediated increases in skin edema and
hyperplasia, researchers found. They also tested the pomegranate extract on TPA-induced skin tumor promotion.
animals pretreated with pomegranate extract showed substantially reduced tumor incidence and lower tumor body burden. In the
TPA-treated group, all mice developed tumors at 16 weeks, while only 30 percent of the mice treated with pomegranate extract
exhibited tumors at that point. Perhaps the most extraordinary result of these studies is the discovery of pomegranate's age-proofing
capabilities and healing benefits. When taken orally, this ingredient boosts the SPF rating of topical sunscreens so that
the same SPF protection levels are maintained, using fewer chemicals and more antioxidants.
1Howard Murad, MD, is a board-certified dermatologist, pharmacist, researcher and associate clinical professor
of medicine(dermatology) at the Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA. Dr. Murad oversees the Murad Inclusive Health Center, the
Murad Medical Spa, Murad Medical Group and the Murad Research Laboratory, all based in Southern California. He is an active
member of the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Society of Dermatologic Surgery, the American Medical Association,
the Pacific Dermatology Society, the Noah Worcester Society and the American College of Nutrition.
TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E):
If you ask a hundred doctors to name a natural
antioxidant, about eighty will bring up vitamin E. Indeed, vitamin E is one of the best-known antioxidants found in the human
body. Its key biological function is to protect lipids from oxidation and free radical damage. Lipids are the building blocks
of cell membranes and other important biochemical structures. Lipid-based entities are so vulnerable to oxidation that if
left unprotected, they disintegrate in a matter of hours. Therefore, a lipid protector, like vitamin E, should be a good and
Vitamin E is the major lipophilic antioxidant in plasma membranes
and the primary antioxidant of the skin barrier. It works synergistically with vitamin C and coenzyme Q10 in the antioxidant
network. Vitamin E consists of eight naturally occurring molecules: four tocopherols and four tocotrienes. Tocopherol is the
most abundant form of vitamin E in humans and is used in treating yellow nail syndrome, vibration disease, epidermolysis bullosa,
claudication, cutaneous ulcers, collagen synthesis and wound healing. It also can be used to prevent cancer and heal
wounds. Clinical studies have shown vitamin E to have a topical photoprotective effect. Combined in sunscreens, vitamin
E has decreased UV erythema, edema, sunburn and lipid peroxidation. It also can help prevent chronic reactions to UV rays,
such as wrinkling and skin tumors.
To be effective in providing antioxidant protection
to the skin, the concentration of alpha-tocopherol in topical formulations should be greater than 0.1 percent. Other than
vitamin E's photoprotective effects, little clinical evidence is available to show the effectiveness of vitamin E in treating
specific dermatologic disorders.
Topical vitamin E preparations are used widely to improve or prevent scarring,
but two controlled studies failed to show scar prevention with vitamin. In terms of skin health and skin care, vitamin e benefits
are numerous. In fact, skin care products that contain vitamin e have become an essential part of healthy skin care. First
of all, because of its antioxidant activity, vitamin e is vital in protecting skin cells from ultra violet light, pollution,
drugs, and other elements that produce cell damaging free radicals. It is believed that vitamin e is most effective in its
natural alcohol form rather than its acetate form where it is a less effective antioxidant. Watch for this in the labeling
of skin care products. The benefits of vitamin e for healthy skin care also include its ability to regulate vitamin a in the
body, which itself is important for healthy skin. Vitamin e added to lotions, creams, and other skin care products plays a
role in the anti-aging of skin. It helps skin look younger by reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Also, free
radicals are believed to play an important role in skin aging and therefore the antioxidant activity is quite valuable for
this skin problem.
Noni juice benefits
are not only limited to various aspects of good health, but also extent to healthy skin care. Noni juice has several key ingredients
that have been scientifically proven to be beneficial for good skin health and skin healing. Some of these key ingredients
are linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic - three essential polyunsaturated fatty acids for the body. The human body cannot
manufacture these components and therefore the best source is from food. The main benefits of these fatty acids with respect
to the skin are that they counteract skin trauma, prevent dry skin, and allow skin to maintain it’s integrity. Therefore,
a reduction in the signs of skin aging is one of the many noni juice benefits. There are other naturally occurring ingredients
in noni that provide noni juice benefits for the skin. Glycerol and butyric acids are useful in combating excessively dry
and rough skin. Caprylic and capric acids present in the juice combine with glycerol to form triglyceride compounds in the
body. Triglycerides lubricate the skin as well as the scalp and hair and also work in conjunction with other nutrients present
in the juice to ensure skin maintains its smoothness, plumpness, and young looking appearance. In one survey performed by
a physician, out of 877 people that used noni juice specifically to enhance their skin, 78% reported positive noni juice benefits.
Noni juice also contains scopoletin, which has anti-inflammatory and histamine-inhibiting
effects. Anti-inflammatories can be used for some skin conditions. Histamine-inhibition is very usual for treating hives,
allergic skin reactions, and dermatographism. Normally anti-histamine medications are prescribed. However, drinking this juice
allows you to treat histamine related skin conditions in an all-natural way.
is the appearance of hives or raised welts on the skin surface in response to friction on the skin or applied pressure. The
body releases histamine in response to the friction and welts appear in the shape or pattern of the applied pressure or friction. Because
noni juice is histamine inhibiting, it is an all-natural way to lessen the symptoms of dermatographism. In addition, because
the benefits of noni juice work down at the cellular level, it may help to combat the cause of the dermatographism problem.
Suffers of dermatographism often need to be on anti-histamines for long periods of time. Because of the concerns with side
effects of prescription anti-histamines, using an all-natural product and utilizing the noni juice benefits, makes a lot of
In addition to taking noni orally, the noni juice benefits can be experienced
by using noni juice topically for skin conditions. Topical application is also beneficial for the rest of the body because
of noni’s ability to penetrate the skin to reach problem areas inside the body.
Creatine is found naturally in the body and provides energy to cells, improving athletic performance and enhancing
strength. But Creatine has skin benefits, too. Creatine in skin cells helps trigger the mitochondrial function that renews
skin. Unfortunately, over time, Creatine naturally becomes depleted in skin cells. As a result, skin renewal functions slow,
leaving your skin open to accelerated aging and damage from a variety of sources. The live ingredient creatine has a significant
effect on maintaining the health of elderly skin that has become stressed. It stimulates the energy exchange rate of skin
that declines with age and thereby supports the skin’s natural functional mechanisms. However creatine also does more
than this. It surrounds the skin cells and protects them from external attack. This way, irritated skin is protected against
Teprenone works on the origin of youth and targets the cell components that ensure lifespan and youth. It improves tissue
quality and can extend cell lifespan by one third. Teprenone fights against all signs of aging by improving dehydration, age
spots and ineffective barrier function. Teprenone improves skin moisture, redness and pore size, skin roughness and fine lines.
The overall texture and health of the skin improved and restored to a more youthful state. Think of it as a healthy-cell multivitamin.
Aloe vera pulp is the clear, thick substance inside
of the Aloe vera leaf. (It is often called Aloe vera gel, but it is usually treated before it is used in cosmetics). Aloe
vera juice is made by liquefying Aloe vera pulp. Aloe vera gel is made by adding a thickener such as Irish moss to Aloe vera
juice. Aloe vera oil is made by extracting oil-soluble portions of the Aloe vera plant into a light vegetable oil, such as
safflower oil. Aloe vera juice, gel and oil can be used in cosmetics.
Aloe is used in many high end products because
of its ability to stimulate healthy cell growth and repair damaged tissues. Most people think of using Aloe only on their
skin because that is all they know about.
It is an excellent skin moisturizer that keeps the skin flexible by giving
oxygen to the cells, which in turn increases the strength and synthesis of skin tissue. It is helpful in removing dead skin
cells and has the ability for effective penetration and transports healthy substances through the skin.
It's been known throughout history to have medicinal properties, used to cure various ailments and nowadays, the
myths surrounding it that go back 5,000 years to the ancient Chinese, Egyptians and Greeks are no longer myths but medical
fact. Scientists have found that the Aloe Vera gel is a mixture of antibiotic, astringent, coagulating agent, pain inhibitor,
cell growth stimulator and scar inhibitor. It contains a total of 70 essential ingredients.
Benefits of Aloe Vera
to the Skin:
(1) Aloe vera is beneficial for cracked and dry skin.
(2) Aloe vera oil can be used on the
dry skin to make the skin normal and shiny.
(3) Aloe Vera acts as a natural barrier and shields our skin from dangerous
(4) Aloe vera is helpful for frostbite, burns, insect bites, blisters and allergic reactions.
(5) Aloe vera
contains the highest concentrations of healing agents
(6) It makes the skin smooth and glowing.
(7) It relieves
heat on the skin caused by sunburn.
(8) Aloe vera is used for treating skin conditions such as eczema, burns,
(9) It destroys bacteria that try to invade cuts or open wounds.
(10) It forms a protective barrier around
achy and sore joints and muscles.
(11) Aloe vera improves the ability of the skin so that it can hydrate itself.
(12) Aloe vera prevents aging of skin, nourishing skin & tissues with Vitamins E & B
vera gel is helpful in improving the lesions.
(14) It lightens dark spots on the face and reduces the intensity of pigmentation.
(15) It soothes itching and helps restore skin's natural beauty.
Studies in Europe and the U.S. have demonstrated that supplemental Ester-C may counter many of the effects
of aging, husbandry and stress with it's far-reaching nutritional properties. Recent studies provide strong evidence
that vitamin C can protect and even correct damage caused by aging, lifestyles and environmental stress, such as UV radiation
and chemical pollutants. Unfortunately, when ordinary vitamin C is formulated into the emulsions typical of most cosmetic
products, it rapidly degrades. Thus the benefits of this essential vitamin are lost. Recently Blackbox introduced a breakthrough
Ester-C product that will complement the various dietary supplement formulations containing Ester-C ascorbates. This new liquid
In the AM Serum, is superior to ordinary vitamin C in shelf life and stability, and is perfectly
suited for cosmeceutical formulations due to our vacuum sealed bottles. Studies have shown that it penetrates to the
levels of the skin where collagen and other support structures are formed, so that the tone and health of skin are preserved
Treating Sun Damage Skin with Ester-C:
Vitamin provides a powerful type of antioxidant therapy by repairing skins damaged by the effects of sun exposure. Topical
applications of Ester-C, by ways of antioxidant defenses, can increase the production of collagen, which in turn, can thicken
the skin and make it stronger against UV rays. Ester C, in it's alternative form hinders the chemicals that cause inflammation.
It hinders the chemical by changing arachidonic acid from a supportive inflammatory compound into a cluster of less deteriorating
substances. As opposed to L-ascorbic acid, the regularly known form of vitamin C, Ester C is highly recommended for
topical application because L-ascorbic acid is very water-soluble. Vitamin C only goes inside a cell and the damaged areas
outside of one.